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Author Topic: Muharram  (Read 2506 times)

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Muharram
« on: November 05, 2013, 04:00:46 PM »
 :salam:







Question:







Is it Sunnah to observe a lot of naafil [supererogatory] fasts in the month of Muharram? Is there anything special about this month compared with other months?







Answer:








Praise be to Allah








The month of Muharram is the first month of the Arabic year, and it is one of the four sacred months of Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):







“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar). That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein”






[al-Tawbah 9:36]






al-Bukhaari (3167) and Muslim (1679) narrated from Abu Bakrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The division of time has turned to its original form which was current the day Allaah created the heavens and earth. The year consists of twelve months of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’baan.”









It was proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that the best fasting after Ramadaan is fasting in the month of Muharram. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best fasting after Ramadaan is the month of Allaah Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” Narrated by Muslim, 1163.








With regard to the phrase “the month of Allaah”, mentioning the month in conjunction with Allaah is a sign of its great status. Al-Qaari said: it seems that what is meant is all of the month of Muharram.








But it was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not fast any month in full apart from Ramadaan, so this hadeeth is to be understood as meaning that it is it is encouraged to fast a lot in the month of Muharram, not to fast the whole month.







And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A
« Last Edit: October 13, 2016, 08:51:23 AM by Muslim Woman »
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Re: The virtue of observing a lot of naafil fasts in the month of Muharram
« Reply #1 on: October 02, 2016, 01:44:23 PM »
:sl:



 Muftionline.co.za

 

 

Q: Is there any virtue one will receive if he fasts during the first ten days of Muharram?



A: The month of Muharram is one of the four sacred months of the Islamic calendar. Carrying out any righteous action in any of the sacred months earns multiplied rewards. Apart from this, it appears in the Hadith that fasting on any day of the Mubaarak month of Muharram earns one the reward for fasting for an entire month. Hence fasting in the month of Muharram is encouraged, especially fasting on the two specific days which are regarded as Sunnah (i.e. the ninth and tenth or tenth and eleventh). The Hadith explains that fasting on the tenth of Muharram expiates the previous years minor sins.

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

عن علي بن أبي طلحة عن ابن عباس في قوله إن عدة الشهور عند الله اثنا عشر شهرا في كتاب الله إلى قوله منها أربعة حرم ذلك الدين القيم فلا تظلموا فيهن أنفسكم قال لا تظلموا أنفسكم في كلهن ثم اختص من ذلك أربعة أشهر فجعلهن حرما و عظم حرماتهن و جعل الذنب فيهن أعظم و العمل الصالح و الأجر أعظم (شعب الإيمان #3806)

(تفسير ابن كثير 2/ 355)

وعن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم من صام يوم عرفة كان له كفارة سنتين ومن صام يوما من المحرم فله بكل يوم ثلاثون يوما (مجمع الزوائد رقم 5244)

وقوله تعالى منها أربعة حرم وهي التي بينها النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بأنها ذو القعدة وذو الحجة والمحرم ورجب والعرب تقول ثلاثة سرد وواحد فرد وإنما سماها حرما لمعنيين أحدهما تحريم القتال فيها وقد كان أهل الجاهلية أيضا يعتقدون تحريم القتال فيها وقال الله تعالى يسئلونك عن ا لشهر الحرام قتال فيه قل قتال فيه كبير والثاني تعظيم انتهاك المحارم فيها بأشد من تعظيمه في غيرها وتعظيم الطاعات فيها أيضا وإنما فعل الله تعالى ذلك لما فيه من المصلحة في ترك الظلم فيها لعظم منزلتها في حكم الله والمبادرة إلى الطاعات من الاعتمار والصلاة والصوم وغيرها كما فرض صلاة الجمعة في يوم بعينه وصوم رمضان في وقت معين وجعل بعض الأماكن في حكم الطاعات ومواقعة المحظورات أعظم من حرمة غيره نحو بيت الله الحرام ومسجد المدينة فيكون ترك الظلم والقبائح في هذه الشهور والمواضع داعيا إلى تركها في غيره ويصير فعل الطاعات والمواظبة عليها في هذه الشهور وهذه المواضع الشريفة داعيا إلى فعل أمثالها في غيرها للمرور والاعتياد وما يصحب الله العبد من توفيقه عند إقباله إلى طاعته وما يلحق العبد من الخذلان عند إكبابه على المعاصي واشتهاره وأنسه بها فكان في تعظيم بعض الشهور وبعض الأماكن أعظم المصالح في الاستدعاء إلى الطاعات وترك القبائح ولأن الأشياء تجر إلى أشكالها وتباعد من أضدادها فالإستكثار من الطاعة يدعو إلى أمثالها والاستكثار من المعصية يدعو إلى أمثالها (أحكام القرآن للجصاص 3/ 143)

عن أبي قتادة الأنصاري رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم سئل عن صومه قال فغضب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال عمر رضي الله عنه رضينا بالله ربا وبالإسلام دينا وبمحمد رسولا وببيعتنا بيعة قال فسئل عن صيام الدهر فقال لا صام ولا أفطر أو ما صام وما أفطر قال فسئل عن صوم يومين وإفطار يوم قال ومن يطيق ذلك قال وسئل عن صوم يوم وإفطار يومين قال ليت أن الله قوانا لذلك قال وسئل عن صوم يوم وإفطار يوم قال ذاك صوم أخي داود عليه السلام قال وسئل عن صوم يوم الاثنين قال ذاك يوم ولدت فيه ويوم بعثت أو أنزل علي فيه قال فقال صوم ثلاثة من كل شهر ورمضان إلى رمضان صوم الدهر قال وسئل عن صوم يوم عرفة فقال يكفر السنة الماضية والباقية قال وسئل عن صوم يوم عاشوراء فقال يكفر السنة الماضية (صحيح مسلم رقم 1162)

Answered by:

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Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

 
 

 

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Re: The virtue of observing a lot of naafil fasts in the month of Muharram
« Reply #2 on: October 09, 2016, 01:38:34 PM »
:sl:




 

Fasting for Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu)
Q: I want to ask can we fast for the Isaal-e-sawaab of Imaam Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu)? Is there any benefit or special reward that Allah Ta'ala will grant us?



A: The gruesome martyrdom of Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) was undoubtedly among the most tragic and heart breaking events that occurred in the annals of history. However despite that, it should be borne in mind that the occasion of Aashura and its virtues are not associated with the martyrdom of Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu). Instead, Aashura had received its virtue and auspiciousness before the birth of Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu).

There were many other personalities greater than Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) who were also martyred in the path of Allah Ta'ala, from the Ambiya (Alayhimus Salaam) and also from the Sahaaba (Radiyallahu Anhum), the likes of Hazrat Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu), Hazrat Usmaan (Radiyallahu Anhu), Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu), Hazrat Ja'far (Radiyallahu Anhu), Hazrat Hamza (Radiyallahu Anhu) and many others. If one feels that he should be fasting for Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu), then he should first commence fasting for all those personalities who were greater than Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) and had sacrificed their lives for Deen before he commences fasting for Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu). However, there is no day that has been earmarked in the Islamic calendar for one to mourn their death or for one to fast for them, etc.

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس فيه فهو رد (صحيح البخاري رقم 2697)

البدعة في المذهب ايراد قول لم يستن قائلها وفائلها فيه بصاحب الشريعة وأمثالها (المفردات ص36)

قال الشامي : قوله ( قوله وهي اعتقاد الخ ) عزا هذا التعريف في هامش الخزائن إلى الحافظ ابن حجر في شرح النخبة ولا يخفى أن الاعتقاد يشمل ما كان معه عمل أو لا فإن من تدين بعمل لا بد أن يعتقده كمسح الشيعة على الرجلين وإنكارهم المسح على الخفين ونحو ذلك وحينئذ فيساوي تعريف الشمني لها بأنها ما أحدث على خلاف الحق المتلقى عن رسول الله من علم أو عمل أو حال بنوع شبهة واستحسان وجعل دينا قويما وصراطا مستقيما (رد المحتار 1/560)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

 
 
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Re: The virtue of observing a lot of naafil fasts in the month of Muharram
« Reply #3 on: October 12, 2016, 01:18:11 PM »
:sl:


Exchanging gifts among friends on the day of Aashura

Q: Is exchanging gifts among friends on the day of Aashura an established practice?

 


A: It is Sunnah for one to spend on his family on the day of Aashura. Exchanging gifts among friends is not a Sunnah practice and hence should be discontinued.

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد (بخاري رقم 2697)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)
 

 

 

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Re: Muharram
« Reply #4 on: October 14, 2016, 06:29:00 AM »
:sl:



Wearing black clothing in the month of Muharram

Q: In South Africa, should one avoid wearing black clothing during Muharram as the Shias wear black clothing?

A: Yes, if wearing black clothing has some resemblance with the Shiahs then this should be avoided.

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم (سنن أبي داود رقم 4033)

فتاوى محمودية 27/ 411

Answered by:

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