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Author Topic: How did the Prophet & his companions celebrate Eid?  (Read 1684 times)

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How did the Prophet & his companions celebrate Eid?
« on: August 30, 2011, 02:51:18 AM »
 :salam:




By Rahla Khan



Like Ramadan, Eid celebrations too are changing with the times. On the one hand there is ever-increasing ostentation, impermissible celebrations and extravagance, on the other many Muslims may experience loneliness within their communities or an unfortunate lack of enthusiasm for Eid.


We may wind up spending the first part of Eid catching up on lost sleep, the middle half, cooking elaborate meals or overeating to “make up” for Ramadan, and later, cruising aimlessly through malls and amusement centers late into the night, dressed to kill, vacant eyes asking: “Are we having fun yet?”



I often wonder what Eid was like in the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions. It’s unthinkable that they would have frittered away their time on frivolities and vanities, or felt ‘bored’ or indulged in impermissible acts on the day of Eid.


How did they celebrate?



In his book Al-A’yad Fil-Islam, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Jibaly defines Eid as “any day of gathering, from `Aada (meaning returned), because people return to it periodically. Some scholars say that it comes from `Aadah (custom or practice; plural A’yaad) because people are accustomed to celebrating it. According to Lisan-ul-Arab: “It is called Eid because it returns every year with renewed happiness.”
We learn about the Sunan (traditions) of Eid from various narrations:



• The Companions (may Allah be pleased with him) used to recite Takbeer during the night of Eid from sunset on the last day of Ramadan until the Imam came to lead the Eid prayer in the morning.
• They raised their voices in supplication and remembrance of Allah in the marketplaces, mosques and homes, but the women did so inaudibly.


• The Prophet would not go out on Eid al-Fitr until he had eaten an odd number of dates. (Ahmad and Al-Bukhari) In Al-Muwatta, it is recorded from Sa’id Bin Al-Musayyib that the people were ordered to eat before they went out for prayer on the day of breaking the fast.




• They performed Ghusl (ritual bath) and wore their best clothes and applied perfume. Ibn Al-Qayyim writes: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) had a special (Yemeni) cloak that he would wear on the two Eids and Jumu’ah.”



• The Prophet (peace be upon him) would take his wives and daughters to the two Eids, and after he prayed and gave a Khutbah, he went to the women and admonished them, reminded them of Allah, and ordered them to give charity.


(Al-Bukhari) Umm ‘Atiyah reports: “We were ordered to go out with the single and menstruating women on the two Eids in order to witness the good and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women would be separate from the others.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
• The Prophet and his Companions paid Zakat Al-Fitr before the Eid prayer, or even a day or two in advance.




• After the Eid prayer, they dispersed by a route that was different from the one they took to approach the Musalla.



The Islamic Tarbiyah (upbringing) imparted by the Prophetic traditions is not restricted to the outward aspects of worship, it goes deeper and teaches us the correct spirit of celebration.
Sheikh Muhammad Al-Jibaly writes: “The major part of the celebration is not eating or drinking – rather, it is a prayer that brings Muslims together to remember Allah’s bounties and celebrate His glory and greatness.




The Eids and their celebration in Islam carry a distinctive meaning and spirit. They are completely different from the celebrations in other nations and cultures. For other nations, a holiday is a chance to immerse in worldly pleasures, or to involve oneself in prohibited acts to the utmost.
“Not so for Muslims! For Muslims, the Eid is an occasion to increase in good deeds. Each Eid marks the conclusion of an important worship, and the determination to continue in obedience and submission to Allah. In moments of extreme pleasure or sadness, a Muslim never forgets his Lord’s greatness, might, glory, and watchfulness. A Muslim’s actions are always controlled by this continued remembrance and awareness.


“Thus the Eid is not an occasion to take a vacation from Islamic responsibilities and commitments, nor to waste time and money in extravagance. It is not ‘fun for the sake of fun’. Rather, it is controlled and directed rejoicing that is of ultimate and definite benefit for the Muslim.


The Eid is a chance to multiply good deeds by bringing happiness and pleasure to the hearts of other Muslims, by helping and supporting the poor and needy, and by getting involved in pastimes that emphasize the strong and serious Islamic character.”


When the Prophet came to Madinah he found the people celebrating two days of sport and amusement. He then said: “Allah, the Exalted, has exchanged these days for two days better than them: the day of breaking the fast and the day of sacrifice.” (Ahmad, Abu Dawood)




In his explanation of this narration, Sheikh Ahmad Abdurrahmaan Al-Banna said: “(They are better because) they are legislated by Allah and are His choice for His creatures. They follow the completion of two of the greatest pillars of Islam: Hajj and fasting. On the other hand, the days of Navrooz and Mihrajaan (Persian festivals) were devised by the people of those times, because of a change in weather or other passing qualities. The difference between the two cases is apparent to whoever ponders upon this.” (Al-Fath ur-Rabbani)


There are several instances where the Prophet (peace be upon him) permitted Ayesha (may Allah be pleased with her) to indulge in suitable recreation on Eid.
Ayesha (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “The Messenger of Allah, entered the house and I had two girls who were singing about the battle of Bu’ath [a 120-year battle between the tribes of Aws and Khazraj that ended with the advent of Islam]. The Prophet (peace be upon him) lay down on the bed and turned his face to the other direction.
Abu Bakr entered and spoke harshly to me, ‘Musical instruments of the Satan in the presence of the Messenger of Allah!’ The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) turned his face to him and said: ‘Leave them.’ When Abu Bakr became inattentive I signaled to the girls to leave. It was the day of Eid and the Africans were performing with their shields and spears. Either I asked him or the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked if I would like to watch them [I don’t recall now]. I replied in the affirmative. At this the Prophet (peace be upon him) made me stand behind him and my cheek was against his. He was saying: ‘Carry on, O tribe of Arfidah,’ until I tired. The Prophet asked: ‘Is that enough for you?’ I replied: “Yes,” so he said: ‘Leave [then].’”


Ibn Hajar writes in Fath Al-Bari, “It is related that the Prophet said that day: ‘Let the Jews of Madina know that our religion is spacious [and has room for relaxation] and I have been sent with an easy and straightforward religion.”’ Perhaps it’s time to rediscover the balance this Eid.

http://www.saudigazette.com.sa/index.cfm?method=home.regcon&contentID=2010090682963


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Re: How did the Prophet & his companions celebrate Eid?
« Reply #1 on: October 04, 2014, 02:09:42 PM »
 :salam:


The Sunnah of Eid

Wake up early.

Prepare for personal cleanliness, take care of details of clothing, etc.

Take a Ghusl (bath) after Fajr.

Brush your teeth.

Dress up, putting on best clothes available, whether new or cleaned old ones.

Use perfume (men only).

Have breakfast on Eid-al-Fitr before leaving for prayer ground. On    Eid-al-Adha, eat breakfast after Salaat or after sacrifice if you are    doing a sacrifice.


Pay Zakaat-al-Fitr before Salaat-al-Eid (on Eid-al-Fitr).


Go to prayer ground early.
Offer Salaat-al-Eid in congregation in an open place except when whether is not permitting like rain, snow, etc.

Use two separate route to and from the prayer ground.


Recite the following Takbir on the way to Salaat and until the beginning of Salaat-al-Eid. On Eid-al-Adha, Takbir starts from Mughrib on the 9th Zdilhijjah and last until the Asr on the 12th Zdilhijjah: Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber. La ila-ha ill-lal-lah. Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber. Wa-lilahill hamd. (Allah is greater, Allah is greater. There is no god but Allah. Allah is greater, Allah is greater. And all praises are for Allah).

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Re: How did the Prophet & his companions celebrate Eid?
« Reply #2 on: July 16, 2015, 06:38:47 PM »
 :salam:




may  Allah  accepts  our  fasting ,  prayers  .




Eid  Mubarak  to  all . :barakallah:
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Re: How did the Prophet & his companions celebrate Eid?
« Reply #3 on: July 17, 2015, 01:36:53 PM »
 :salam:




Sunnats and Aadaab of Eid


Q: Mufti Saheb, could you explain the sunnats of Eid in detail and how are we supposed to conduct on this mubaarak occasion?



A: Below is an article that we have prepared on the Sunnats and Aadaab of Eid.

1. To cleanse the mouth using the miswaak.

2. To have a bath (ghusal).

عن ابن عباس  رضي الله عنهما قال  كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يغتسل يوم الفطر ويوم الأضحى (ابن ماجة رقم 1315)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would have a bath on the day of Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha.

3. To dress in one’s best clothes. (I.e. the best clothes in one’s possession, not necessarily new clothes.

عن جابر رضي الله عنهما قال كانت للنبي  صلى الله عليه وسلم جبة يلبسها في العيدين، ويوم الجمعة. (ابن خزيمة  رقم 1766)

Hadhrat Jaabir (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had a shawl that he would wear specially on the days of Eid and the day of Jumuah.


4. To apply itr.

5. To perform Eid salaah at the Musallah (i.e. open field outside the town).

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يخرج يوم الفطر  والأضحى إلى المصلى فأول شيء يبدأ به الصلاة (البخاري رقم 956)

Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that on the day of Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would go to the Musallah (an open field on the outskirts of Madina Munawwarah) to perform the Eid salaah. The first action that he carried out was performing the salaah. (I.e. he performed the salaah before the khutbah)

6. One should avoid eating anything before Eid salaah on the day of Eid ul Adha (instead the first thing one should consume should be the meat of the sacrificed animal). However on the day of Eid ul Fitr one should eat an odd number of dates or anything sweet before leaving for the Eid salaah.

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال كان النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم لا يخرج يوم الفطر حتى يطعم تمرات (ابن ماجة رقم 1754)

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would always eat some dates before leaving for the Eid salaah on the day of Eid ul Fitr.

عن ابن بريدة عن أبيه رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم كان لا يخرج يوم الفطر حتى يأكل . وكان لا يأكل يوم النحر حتى يرجع (ابن ماجة رقم 1756)

Hadhrat Buraidah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would always eat something before leaving for the Eid salaah. However, on the occasion of Eid ul Adha he would not eat until he returned from the Eid salaah (and partook of the sacrificed animal).

7. To go to the Eidgah early.

8. To walk to the place of Eid salaah.

عن سعد بن أبي وقاص رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يخرج إلى العيد ماشيا ويرجع ماشيا.  (ابن ماجة  رقم 1294)

Hadhrat Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would proceed towards the Eid salaah walking, and would return walking.

9. To recite the takbeer audibly when going to the Eidgah on the day of Eid ul Adha, and to recite it silently when going for the Eid salaah on the day of Eid ul Fitr.

10. To use different routes to and from the place of Eid salaah.

وعن جابر رضي الله عنه قال كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا كان يوم عيد خالف الطريق .(البخاري رقم 986)

Hadhrat Jaabir (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would use different routes on the day of Eid (when proceeding and returning from the Eid salaah)

11. To read two rakaat waajib salaah of Eid with six extra takbeers without any azaan or iqaamat.

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم صلى يوم العيد بغير أذان ولا إقامة (ابن ماجة رقم 1274)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would perform the (Eid) salaah on the day of Eid without any azaan or iqaamat.


12. To recite Surah A’ala in the first rakaat, and Surah Ghaashiya in the second rakaat of the Eid salaah.

عن النعمان بن بشير رضي الله عنه قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقرأ في العيدين وفي الجمعة بسبح اسم ربك الأعلى، وهل أتاك حديث الغاشية. (مسلم رقم 878)

Hadhrat Nu’maan ibn Basheer (Radhiallahu Anhu) relates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would recite Surah A’ala and Surah Ghaashiya in both the Eid salaah as well as the Jumuah salaah

13. One should remain seated after the Eid salaah and listen to the khutbah. Remaining for the khutbah is an emphasised sunnah. 

14.  During the khutbah it is waajib for one to remain silent and listen attentively to the khutbah.

15. It is forbidden to perform any nafl salaah in the Eidgah either before or after the Eid salaah. 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم خرج فصلى بهم العيد لم يصل قبلها ولا بعدها (ابن ماجة رقم 1291)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would come to the Eidgah and perform the Eid salaah. He would not perform any nafl salaah before the Eid salaah nor after the Eid salaah (i.e. at the Eidgah).

16. By staying awake and making ibaadat on the night of Eid, one will be rewarded in this manner that when all the hearts die, his heart will remain alive.

عن أبي أمامة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال من قام ليلتي العيدين محتسبا لله لم يمت قلبه يوم تموت القلوب  (ابن ماجة رقم 1782)

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who stands up in salaah on the two nights of Eid with the hope of receiving reward from Allah Ta’ala, his heart will remain alive on the day when all the hearts will die.”

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

( وندب يوم الفطر أكله ) حلوا وترا ولو قرويا ( قبل ) خروجه إلى ( صلاتها واستياكه واغتساله وتطيبه ) بما له ريح لا لون ( ولبسه أحسن ثيابه ) ولو غير أبيض ( وأداء فطرته ) صح عطفه على أكله لأن الكلام كله قبل الخروج ومن ثم أتى بكلمة ( ثم خروجه ) ليفيد تراخيه عن جميع ما مر ( ماشيا إلى الجبانة ) (الدر المختار 2/168)

ويكبر في الطريق في الأضحى جهرا يقطعه إذا انتهى إلى المصلى وهو المأخوذ به وفي الفطر المختار من مذهبه أنه لا يجهر وهو المأخوذ به كذا في الغياثية أما سرا فمستحب كذا في الجوهرة النيرةي (الهندية 1/150)

(ويصلي الإمام بهم ركعتين مثنيا قبل الزوائد وهي ثلاث تكبيرات في كل ركعة) (الدر المختار 2/172)

(ويخطب بعدها خطبتين ) وهما سنة  (الدر المختار 2/175)

( وكل ما حرم في الصلاة حرم فيها ) أي في الخطبة  خلاصة وغيرها فيحرم أكل وشرب وكلام ولو تسبيحا أو رد سلام أو أمر بمعروف بل يجب عليه أن يستمع ويسكت ( بلا فرق بين قريب وبعيد ) في الأصح محيط ولا يرد تحذير من خيف هلاكه لأنه يجب لحق آدمي وهو محتاج إليه والإنصات لحق الله تعالى ومبناه على المسامحة وكان أبو يوسف ينظر في كتابه ويصححه والأصح أنه لا بأس بأن يشير برأسه أو يده عند رؤية منكر والصواب أنه يصلي على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عند سماع اسمه في نفسه ولا يجب تشميت ولا رد سلام به يفتى وكذا يجب الاستماع لسائر الخطب كخطبة نكاح وخطبة عيد وختم على المعتمد (الدر المختار 2/159)

ولا يتنفل قبلها مطلقا... ( وكذا ) لا يتنفل ( بعدها في مصلاها)  (الدر المختار 2/170)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)
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Christ will never be proud to reject to be a slave to God ...( 4: 172 )



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