The Islam Path

Understanding Islam => Faith & Belief => Fasting & Ramadan => Topic started by: Muslim Woman on July 15, 2013, 08:14:49 AM

Title: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on July 15, 2013, 08:14:49 AM

Q: To whom does the Ayat of fasting apply?

A: Fasting is an act of worship (ibadat). It is one of the Fundamental Principles (Pillars) of Islam. Allah says:”Oh you who believe fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed to those before you that you may attain Taqwa (God-Fearing).”Allah says Oh you who believe. This is a general command for everyone who is Believers in Islam.   

Q: Does a minor child have to fast?

A: Fasting is not obligatory on a minor. A minor is he who is not physically matured (Baaligh) in the case of a male and in the case of a female, she has not attained puberty. However, if by the age of 15 lunar years, the male or female did not become baaligh, they will be regarded as adults and have to fast and fulfil all obligations of Shariah.

  Q: Does a sick person have to fast?

A: A sick person is exempted from fasting altogether if there is genuine reason to believe that the current illness will intensify by fasting or that he will suffer another illness on result of fasting or that his recovery will be prolonged due to fasting. 

Q: Can a traveller omit fasting?

 A: A Shar’ī musāfir (traveller) who embarked on his journey prior to dawn is permitted to omit the fast of that day.  As long as he is a Shar’ī musāfir, he may omit fasting.

  Q: What about travelling during the day?

 A: If a person embarked on a journey during the day after Subh Sadiq, he/she will have to fast that day. 

 Q: Will the application of eye drops break the fast? A: Using eyedrops will not break the fast. 

 Q: Can ear drops be used?

A: If a person’s eardrum is imperforated, he may use ear drops.  If someone has perforated ear drums, it will not be permissible to use ear drops.

  Q: Can we use insulin injections whilst fasting? A: It is permissible to use insulin injections.  Injections do not break a fast. 

 Q: Will a nasal spray break the fast? A: Yes, a nasal spray will break the fast.   A: Can mouthwash be used whilst fasting?

Q: It is not permissible to use mouthwash whilst fasting.   Q: Is it permissible to brush teeth and use toothpaste? A: It is not permissible to use toothpaste whilst fasting.  One may brush teeth, use a miswak and a tongue scraper.   

Q: Can an addicted smoker smoke whilst fasting? A: It is not permissible to smoke whilst fasting.  Smoking will result in Qadhā and Kaffārah.  A smoker may use a transdermal nicotine patch.

  Q: What is the ruling for using suppositories? A: Insertion of suppositories up the rear passage will invalidate the fast.   Q: I forgetfully ate whilst fasting? A: If one was totally unaware that he was fasting, the fast will not be broken regardless of what was consumed. 

 Q: By mistake I swallowed water whilst doing wudhu? A: By doing an act mistakenly will break one’s fast.  However, only Qadhā will be necessary.

  Q: What if a person must break the fast due to an asthma attack? A: If a person suffers from an illness or has an asthma attack and there is no option but to have medicine or an inhaler, it will be permissible to break the fast.  However, he will have to do Qadhā. 

 Q: I engaged in intercourse with my spouse? A: Intercourse will invalidate the fast and will make Qadhā and Kaffārah compulsory.   Q: I had a wet dream whilst fasting.  Is my fast broken? A: A wet dream will not invalidate the fast.   

Q: What is the Kaffārah? A: A Kaffārah is expiation for a violation.  It is fasting for 60 days consecutively without any interruption for those capable of fasting.  If one cannot fast, he will have to give monetary Kaffarah.   

Q: When will Kaffārah be binding? A: Kaffarah becomes binding if one deliberately breaks his fast by eating or drinking or having intercourse.   

Q: Can a sick person pay fidyah instead of fasting?

A: A person who cannot fast due a chronic or terminal illness may give fidyah.  As long as a person’s condition remains such that they cannot fast, they will keep giving fidyah for each fast. If there is improvement to such a degree that they can fast, they will have to do Qadhā of all the previous fasts.  The value of fidya is the same as that of sadaqah al-fitr which is presently R16 for the people in South Africa.   

  And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai. -
Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on July 17, 2013, 07:56:58 AM

Question: What is Ramadan?

Ramadan ( is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar ( Every day during this month, Muslims around the world spend the daylight hours in a complete fast.

Answer: During the blessed month of Ramadan (, Muslims all over the world abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs during the daylight hours. As a time to purify the soul, refocus attention on God, and practice self-sacrifice, Ramadan is much more than just not eating and drinking. Muslims are called upon to use this month to re-evaluate their lives in light of Islamic guidance. We are to make peace with those who have wronged us, strengthen ties with family and friends, do away with bad habits -- essentially to clean up our lives, our thoughts, and our feelings. The Arabic word for "fasting" (sawm ( literally means "to refrain" - and it means not only refraining from food and drink, but from evil actions, thoughts, and words.
During Ramadan, every part of the body must be restrained. The tongue must be restrained from backbiting and gossip. The eyes must restrain themselves from looking at unlawful things. The hand must not touch or take anything that does not belong to it.

The ears must refrain from listening to idle talk or obscene words. The feet must refrain from going to sinful places. In such a way, every part of the body observes the fast.
Therefore, fasting is not merely physical, but is rather the total commitment of the person's body and soul to the spirit of the fast.

Ramadan is a time to practice self-restraint; a time to cleanse the body and soul from impurities and re-focus one's self on the worship of God.

 Suggested Reading
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Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: thechamp on July 28, 2013, 02:09:58 PM
:ws: sis
great reminders, do you want me to fix the layout for you for the 1st post?

Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on May 22, 2017, 03:24:58 PM

Q: In Ramadhaan, there are many jamaats that take place for Taraweeh Salaah in our area in people's homes, garages etc. Certain jamaats do not wait for the Esha Salaah in the musjid, rather they perform their Esha salaah earlier so that they can commence their taraweeh salaah as soon as possible. The musjid is close to the homes. Is this correct or should they wait for the Esha Salaah in the Musjid and then proceed to their venues for taraweeh?

A: It is incumbent that they perform the Esha namaaz in the musjid with jamaat and then proceed to the venues for the taraweeh salaah.

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لقد هممت أن آمر فتياني أن يستعدوا لي بحزم من حطب ثم آمر رجلا يصلي بالناس ثم تحرق بيوت على من فيها (مسلم #651)

(والجماعة سنة مؤكدة للرجال ) قال الزاهدي أرادوا بالتأكيد الوجوب إلا في جمعة وعيد فشرط وفي التراويح سنة كفاية وفي وتر رمضان مستحبة على قول وفي وتر غيره وتطوع على سبيل التداعي مكروهة وسنحققه ويكره تكرار الجماعة بأذان وإقامة في مسجد محلة لا في مسجد طريق أو مسجد لا إمام له ولا مؤذن (أقلها اثنان ) واحد مع الإمام ولو مميزا أو ملكا أو جنيا في مسجد أو غيره وتصح إمامة الجني أشباه ( وقيل واجبة وعليه العامة ) أي عامة مشايخنا وبه جزم في التحفة وغيرها قال في البحر وهو الراجح عند أهل المذهب ( فتسن أو تجب ) ثمرته تظهر في الإثم بتركها مرة ( على الرجال العقلاء البالغين الأحرار القادرين على الصلاة بالجماعة من غير حرج ) ولو فاتته ندب طلبها في مسجد آخر إلا المسجد الحرام ونحوه ( فلا تجب على مريض ومقعد وزمن ومقطوع يد ورجل من خلاف ) أو رجل فقط ذكره الحدادي ( ومفلوج وشيخ كبير عاجز وأعمى ) وإن وجد قائدا ( ولا على من حال بينه وبينها مطر وطين وبرد شديد وظلمة كذلك ) وريح ليلا لا نهارا وخوف على ماله أو من غريم أو ظالم أو مدافعة أحد الأخبثين وإرادة سفر وقيامه بمريض وحضور طعام تتوقه نفسه ذكره الحدادي وكذا اشتغاله بالفقه لا بغيره كذا جزم به الباقاني تبعا للبهنسي أي إلا إذا واظب تكاسلا فلا يعذر ويعزر ولو بأخذ المال يعني بحبسه عنه مدة ولا تقبل شهادته إلا بتأويل بدعة الإمام أو عدم مراعاته (الدر المختار 1/552-557)

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Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on May 27, 2017, 04:34:49 PM

Bismillahi ar-Rahman ar-Rahim
Ramadan FAQ

This page is intended to provide some basic information on Ramadan for non-Muslims.
What does the word "Ramadan" mean?
Ramadan is the name of the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The original meaning of the word was "scorching heat".
What's this Islamic calendar?
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar. This means that each month begins with the sighting of the new crescent moon. There are twelve months in the year. A lunar year is 354 days long. This is different from a solar calendar like the Gregorian calendar used in the West. The solar year lasts 365 days. Because the lunar year is shorter, each date on it falls about 10 or 11 days earlier, relative to the solar calendar, with each succeeding year. For instance, in the year 2002, Ramadan started on November 6, while this year (2014), it is predicted to start on June 28 or June 29 - quite a change over the years!
Why do you say Ramadan is "predicted" to start on a certain date?
As I mentioned above, each month in the Islamic calendar starts with the sighting of the new crescent moon. Scientific calculations can pinpoint exactly when the astronomical new moon occurs, and can predict with some accuracy when the first crescent will be visible after this, but there are many factors that can complicate this, such as the weather. For this reason, and so that even ordinary Muslims who are not astronomers can take part, the rule is that the new crescent moon must be sighted by human observers. And we don't know exactly when it will appear until it's seen!
Does the month of Ramadan commemorate anything?
The month of Ramadan is when the first verses of the Quran were revealed. Note: The entire Quran was revealed over a period of about 23 years, starting in 610 CE and ending in 632 CE.
What is the purpose of the fast?
Quran Surah al-Baqarat verse 183 states that the purpose of the fast is to develop a quality called in Arabic "taqwa". Taqwa may be defined as, "Worshiping God as if you see Him because if you don't, He sees you." It is thus a kind of awe or God-fearingness, an awareness that God is always watching. Nobody but God and the person fasting know if that person actually observed the entire fast or secretly cheated. Thus, in order to resist the temptation to cheat, one has to remember that God is always watching and will see any lapse.
What does the fast entail?
The fast is from dawn to sunset each day of Ramadan. The fast involves refraining from food, drink, and (for married people) sexual relations during the daylight hours.
Who has to fast?
The fast is obligatory on all sexually mature adult Muslims. Those who are mentally disabled or insane are not considered "adult" and do not have to fast. People who are ill do not have to fast if it would further damage their health; however, they should make up the missed fasts later when they become well again. Women who are pregnant or nursing may be considered "ill" if fasting would harm the baby. As well, women who are having their menstrual period or who are experiencing post-partum bleeding should refrain from fasting during the days of their bleeding; the combination of blood loss and fasting could be harmful. Children who have not yet reached puberty are not required to fast. However, it is good for them to practice, and for this reason many Muslim children do fast starting from age seven or nine. A doctor should be consulted about how much fasting is safe for growing children and for any person who is concerned about their health. The fast can be as long as 18 hours in the summer in some locations - that's a long time to go without food or water.

 People who are traveling may also break their fast if they feel that keeping it would harm them; as well, soldiers on guard duty for whom maximum readiness is a must may break their fast. In all cases of illness or fear of illness, the missed days need to be made up later.
Are there any other observances or customs attached to Ramadan?

The Muslim world has an almost staggering diversity of cultures and each Muslim country may have its own customs and rites associated with Ramadan. Some customs that are observed by most Muslims include the following:
Recitation of the entire Quran, in imitation of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who did so. This is usually done for the community from the mosques or (in Muslim countries) on the radio or TV; individuals or families may also get together for their own recitation
Observance of special night vigil prayers in the late evening or middle of the night called tarawih
Withdrawing to the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadan for prayer and Quran recitation, which is called itikaf meaning "seclusion"

Celebration of the "Night of Power" marking the specific date of the beginning of the revelation of the Quran on the 27th of Ramadan
As well, the fast is broken each evening with a meal called "iftar" (meaning "breaking the fast"), and the last meal in the morning before dawn is called "suhur" (meaning "morning meal").

In Muslim countries it is quite common to have feasts that last all night and run from iftar to suhur. These feasts are a time of celebration and community. In Western countries, many Muslim communities host iftars for non-Muslims by way of interfaith outreach. President Thomas Jefferson hosted an iftar for a Muslim guest in 1805; both Presidents Bush and Obama have hosted iftars at the White House each year of their terms. There is also a special holiday marking the end of Ramadan, called Eid al-Fitr.
What's Eid al-Fitr?

The name Eid al-Fitr means "feast of the fast-breaking". It takes place on the first day of the month that follows Ramadan. There is a special salat (prayer) which the whole community should come together for.

 As well, those who can afford to do it should provide a small amount of food for the needy so that everybody can celebrate. The value of this gift is about $15 today. Most communities have a variety of festive celebrations and meals to mark the day.

The materials on this page are written by Al-Muhajabah. You may copy, display, or distribute these materials for non-commercial purposes as long as you give me proper attribution as the author.
Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on May 29, 2017, 06:24:45 AM

Narrated Ibn `Umar: I heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) saying, "When you see the crescent (of the month of Ramadan), start fasting, and when you see the crescent (of the month of Shawwal), stop fasting; and if the sky is overcast (and you can't see it) then regard the month of Ramadan as of 30 days."

(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 30, Hadith 10)
Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on May 31, 2017, 02:45:18 PM

 Not fasting in the Month of Ramadhaan due to exams
 Q: I am a student here in Saudi Arabia studying in a private school in Dammam. Our school recently changed their examination dates. The problem is that Ramadhaan is during these days. My question is that is it permissible for a student to skip 2 or 3 days of fasting for exams? I might not be able to concentrate on an empty stomach during the exam and while studying for it.

A: It is not permissible to leave out fasting on account of the exams. For such a miserable worldly excuse, how can one ever omit one of the greatest faraaidh (obligations) of Islam?

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللَّـهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ ﴿البقرة: ١٨٥﴾

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)



Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on May 31, 2017, 04:41:29 PM

Mutarrif, from the tribe of Banu ‘Amir bin Sa’sa’ah narrated that ‘Uthman bin Abul-‘As Ath-Thaqafi invited him to drink some milk that he poured for him. Mutarrif said: “I am fasting.”

‘Uthman said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: ‘Fasting is a shield against the Fire just like the shield of anyone of you against fighting.’”

(Sunan Ibn Majah, Book 7, Hadith 1708)
Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on June 03, 2017, 02:33:59 PM

 Taking an Injection while Fasting
 Q: Is it permissible for a person to take an injection whilst fasting and will the fast be nullified?

A: It is permissible for a person to take an injection whilst fasting. The injection does not nullify the fast. However, in the case where the injection is directly injected into the stomach or brain the fast will be nullified.

والمفطر إنما هو الداخل من المنافذ (رد المحتار على در المختار ج2 ص395)

والذي ذكره المحققون أن معنى المفطر وصول ما فيه صلاح البدن إلى الجوف أعم من كونه غذاء أو دواء (رد المحتار على در المختارج2 ص410

وما وصل إلى الجوف أو إلى الدماغ من المخارق الأصلية كالأنف والأذن والدبر بأن استعط أو احتقن أو أقطر في أذنه فوصل إلى الجوف أو إلى الدماغ فسد صومه (بدائع الصنائع ج2 ص93)

Fataawa Mahmoodiyyah vol.15 pg.180/181, Ahsanul Fataawa vol.4 pg.432, Fataawa Raheemiyyah vol.7 pg.257,263

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)



Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on June 05, 2017, 09:18:24 AM

It was narrated from 'Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah bin 'Utabah that 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas used to say: "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was the most generous of people, and he was most generous in Ramadan when Jibril met him.

Jibril use to meet him every night during the month of Ramadan and study Quran with him."

And he said: "When Jibril met him, the Messenger of Allah was more generous in doing good than the blowing wind."

(Sunan an-Nasa'i, Book 22, Hadith 6)

Title: Re: Ramadan FAQ
Post by: Muslim Woman on June 13, 2018, 05:22:14 AM

Qadha of I'tikaaf


Q: If one's sunnah i’tikaaf broke, is it necessary to make qadha of the entire ten days i’tikaaf or just the day the i’tikaaf broke?

A: One will only have to make qadha of the day the i’tikaaf broke.

قوله ( أما النفل ) أي الشامل للسنة المؤكدة... لزوم الاعتكاف المسنون بالشروع وإن لزم قضاء جميعه أو باقيه مخرج على قول أبي يوسف أما على قول غيره فيقضي اليوم الذي أفسده لاستقلال كل يوم بنفسه (رد المحتار 2/444-445)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)